Sunday, October 30, 2011

Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani asks int’l community to help repatriate 3 million Afghan refugees

Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani Saturday urged the world community to help shift the three million Afghan refugees residing in Pakistan back to Afghanistan, to stop illegal cross border movement and prevent spread of the crippling Polio disease.
“They need to go back ... the relief centres have to be in Afghanistan,” Gilani told a press conference along with Prime Minister of United Kingdom David Cameron, Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper and Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard.

The Australian Prime Minister had invited a select group of Heads of State and Governments from the countries where Polio was still prevalent, or who were funding campaigns for the eradication of the crippling disease.

Prime Minister Gilani said the world seems to have forgotten the plight of millions of Afghans who were living in shanty make-shift homes and camps in Pakistan, years after the withdrawal of the troops of United Soviet Socialist Republic from Afghanistan as decades of continuing conflict in their country had deterred them to return.

Prime Minister Gilani said it was hard for Pakistan to check the illegal movement across the over 2000 km long border with Afghanistan and added that he was preventing his country from eradication of the disease. He said Pakistan had managed to eliminate the disease, but regretted that it resurfaced in the past seven years with 132 new cases reported. “This situation is totally unacceptable. We have launched a National Emergency Action Plan for Polio eradication and to interrupt transmission of the virus in Pakistan by the end of 2011,” he said.

Gilani attributed the resurfacing of Polio to the ongoing cross-border movement and difficulties in administrating Polio drops to the children living in camps and villages in the inhospitable terrain along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border.

Over 40,000 people cross the Pak-Afghan border daily. Polio remains endemic in four countries, three of which are members of the Commonwealth - India, Nigeria, and Pakistan, besides Afghanistan.

Gilani also pointed to the influence of the extremist elements in these areas who were preventing administration of the vaccine. He said government of Pakistan was seeking help of the religious scholars to convince the “fanatics” about the importance of vaccine. He said Pakistan was launching a three-day campaign every three months to administer anti-polio drops to 33 million children across the country.

He said the government was committed to the cause and had designated Aseefa Bhutto Zardari as the Goodwill Ambassador, as she was the first child to have received the drops from her mother late Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, when the campaign was launched for the first time in Pakistan.

Gilani informed the other leaders that a Polio Monitoring Cell at the PM Secretariat has been set up, with similar setups at provincial, district and local levels were working to mobilize community.

He said it was being done in close coordination with the UNICEF and WHO. “We hope to see positive outcome by December this year,” he said and pointed that the task ahead was daunting. “But we remain determined to eradicate this virus and protect every child in Pakistan from the scourge of Polio.”

The Australian government announced a commitment of 50 million Australian Dollars to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI).

The Nigerian government pledged an increase from 2011 of a planned $17 million to an annual contribution of $30 million starting in 2012. The Gates Foundation pledged an additional $40 million to GPEI for the remainder of 2011.

British Prime Minister David Cameron said his country had provided 540 million Pounds Sterling so far to fight the disease and said 8 million people today were able to walk around without any problem only because they got the vaccine on time. “With the availability of the vaccine, there is no excuse in eliminating it,” he said and warned “if we fail to get rid of polio, we run the risk of seeing it spread back to countries from which it has been eradicated.”

Cameron said Pakistan was the single largest aid recipient of the United Kingdom and the UK government was working closely with it and Afghanistan to stop the terrorists on either side of the Pak-Afghan border.

Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard said Australia has long term commitment in Afghanistan and will stay there in some form till the end of decade as it does not want the country become a centre of terrorism.

Prime Minister Julia Gillard said the new funding of 50 million Australian Dollars, over four years to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) would help purchase vaccines, monitor outbreaks, and respond when and where needed.

She said Australia’s support will help take the final steps to achieve worldwide polio eradication and applauded the leadership shown by India, Nigeria, and Pakistan in their ongoing efforts to eradicate polio.

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper said his country would commit further funds for polio surveillance and immunizations and said its funding in Afghanistan has helped make 85 per cent population safe from Polio.

Bill Gates joined the leaders via video to announce a new US$40 million contribution to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) on behalf of the Gates Foundation and in support of the Commonwealth commitments.

Significant progress has been made over the past two decades to reduce the number of polio cases by 99 per cent since the GPEI was launched in 1988. Increasing routine immunization around the world has helped reduce the number of child deaths from 12.4 million in 1990 to 7.6 million in 2010.

Thursday, October 6, 2011

Australian Star Finches Pics and Informations & Wallpapers

Gouldian and Longtail Finches Drinking
Gouldian Family with Star Finch
Gouldian Family with Star Finch
Black Head Gouldian Hen
Adult and Juvenile Star Finches
Budgerigars Drink with Masked Finch and Gouldians
Gouldian Finch Scouting the Water Hole
Bee Eaters Working a Water Hole
Proud Gouldian Poses for Camera
Proud Gouldian Poses for Camera
Star Finches Wait in Reeds to Drink
Double Bar Finch Drinks with Gouldians
Yellow Rumped and Chestnut Breasted Mannikins
Chestnut Breasted and Yellow Rumped Mannikins
Yellow Rumped Mannikins with Longtail Finches
Owl Finch Drinks with Longtail Finch
Budgie and Black Head Gouldian Finch
Gouldians Drinking with Masked and Longtail Finches
Longtail Finch with Zebra Finch Hen
Zebra Finch
Budgerigars and Gouldians Waiting to Drink
Longtail Finch
Longtail Finches Waiting to Drink
Star Finch and Gouldian Hen.
Adult and Juvenile Gouldians Drinking
Red Head Gouldian Surveys the Territory
Owl Finch Reflection
Double Bar Finch
Flight and Water.
Masked Finch
Black Head Gouldian and Longtails Waiting to Drink
Longtail and Owl Finch
Gouldian Group at Water Hole

Wednesday, October 5, 2011

Australian Star Finches

The Star Finch Neochmia ruficauda is a species of estrildid finch found in Australia. It inhabits dry grassland and dry savanna habitats.


It has three subspecies:
  • Neochmia ruficauda subclarescens (inhabits in three separate subpopulations, from Pilbara,Fitzroy River Valley and Gibb River, Western Australia to the Northern TerritoryQueenslandborder.)
  • Neochmia ruficauda clarescens (located on the Cape York Peninsula)
  • Neochmia ruficauda ruficauda (probably extinct)


The habitat of Star Finch is threatened by overgrazing of grasslands, removing essential cover, as well as sources of food. Selective grazing of perennials during the dry season may also remove grasses that are needed for survival during the wet season. Burning of grassland during the dry season may reduce the fallen seed during the wet season and thus reduce the food supply needed by Star Finch. This species is also threatened by cage-bird trades.


Despite the Star Finch having been listed as Near Threatened in the wild it is a common aviarybird. This species has mutations such as the Yellow & Cinnamon varieties.


Origin and phylogeny has been obtained by Antonio Arnaiz-Villena et al. Estrildinae may have originated in India and dispersed thereafter (towards Africa and Pacific Ocean habitats).

2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback

2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback
2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback
2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback

2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback
2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback
2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback

2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback
2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback
2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback

2012 Harley-Davidson FLD Switchback  Full Specification
Engine Description1690
Bore X Stroke98.4 X 4
Compression Ratio9.6:1
Valves per Cylinder2
LubricationDry Sump
Maximum Torque126
ClutchWet, Multi Plate
Primary DriveChain, 34/46 Ratio
Final DriveBelt, 32/66 Ratio
Front BrakeExpansion Rotor, Floating, ABS
Front Brake CalliperFour Piston
Front Brake Diameter300
Rear BrakeSingle Disc
Rear Brake CalliperDouble Piston
Rear Brake Diameter292
Frame MeterialMild steel, tublar frame, rectangular section backbone, stamped, cast & forged junctions, forged frender supports, MIG welded
Front SuspensionTelescopic Forks, 41.3mm, triple rate spring, 20mm cartridge dampening
Front Suspension Travel98
Rear SuspensionNitrogen charged 36mm monotube dampers with 5 step preload, adjustable dual rate spring, retro cigar-tube chrome covers
Wheels And Tyres
Rear Suspension Travel54
Front TyreD402F 130/70B18 63H
Wheel Size Front18x3.5"
Rear TyreD401 160/70B17 73H
Wheel Size Rear17x4.5"
Wheel TypeBlack 5-spoke Cast Aluminum with highlighted rim
Dry Weight320
Fuel Tank Capacity17.8
Fuel Reserve Capacity3.4
Length (mm)2360
Width (mm)930
Wheel Base (mm)1595
Height (mm)1385

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